The novel coronavirus known as COVID-19 has many symptoms and a plethora of potential complications, but at its core it is a respiratory virus. That means children and adults with asthma and chronic allergies are at higher risk from COVID-19, as the combination of two respiratory illnesses can quickly turn a mild infection into a life-threatening one.
If you or someone you love has asthma or allergies, you need to be especially vigilant about preventing COVID-19. That means limiting exposure to those outside your immediate household, wearing a mask when in public and watching closely for the symptoms of the novel coronavirus. Those early warning signs1 include:
- Fever and chills
- Cough and shortness of breath
- Sudden loss of taste and/or smell
- Tiredness or weakness
- Muscle or body aches
- Sore throat
- Vomiting or nausea
- Runny or stuffy nose
COVID-19 can also present with more unusual symptoms, including painful purple or blue lesions on the toes, rashes or hives, and pinkeye. If you or a family member experiences any of these symptoms, it is important to seek help, and a COVID-19 test, right away.
Higher Severity in Those with Allergies and Asthma
Keep in mind that COVID-19 can be especially severe in asthma and allergy patients, with rapid acceleration in the severity of symptoms. You should call 911 if the individual in question experiences trouble breathing or shortness of breath, persistent pain or pressure in their chest, confusion, loss of consciousness, or a bluish tint to their face, lips, or fingernails. These are all life-threatening symptoms, and help simply cannot wait.
It is not always easy to determine where a COVID-19 infection came from, since the incubation period for the virus ranges from as few as two days to as many as two weeks following exposure. What is important for asthma sufferers is not where the virus came from, but how to get the appropriate treatment and protect other vulnerable family members.
Asthma, Allergies, and COVID-19
The novel coronavirus affects asthma2 sufferers and those with allergies differently, and loved ones need to understand the distinction. Since the virus mainly infects the lungs, those with preexisting respiratory conditions, including asthma and allergies, are at a higher risk for serious complications and even death.
Family members can all do their part to protect the health and wellbeing of those with allergies, asthma, and other respiratory conditions. Steps loved ones can take include washing hands frequently, especially after coming back from running errands or picking up groceries, maintaining quality indoor air through the use of filtration devices, and making sure allergy sufferers and family members with asthma keep taking their medication. Asthma medication can improve lung function in those with the disease, and that can reduce the risk of serious complications from a COVID-19 infection.
Everyone is hoping for a quick end to the COVID-19 crisis, but for now, all asthma sufferers and those with asthma can do is protect themselves as much as possible. If you or someone you love suffers from asthma or allergies, that mean watching for early signs and symptoms, practicing good hand hygiene and ensuring medication compliance. And if you are concerned about a family member with asthma or allergies, we encourage you to contact the expert Board Certified physicians at Adult and Pediatric Allergy Associates, P.C..
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